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 Sigiriya Ancient City Sri Lanka - Things to do in Sigiriya Ancient City best places to visit in sri lanka Sigiriya Ancient City map

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Sigiriya Ancient City


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SIGIRIYA ANCIENT CITY


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"Sigiriya The Palace & Fortress in The Sky" Sigiriya, the spectacular 'Lion rock' fortress, stands majestically overlooking the luscious green jungle surroundings, and is one of Sri Lanka's major attractions. This was built by King Kasyapa, a son of King Dhatusena, by a palace consort. As legend goes, King Dhatusena was overthrown and walled in, alive by Kasyapa in 473 AD. Mogallana, Dhatusena's son by the true queen fled to India, vowing revenge. Kasyapa fearing an invasion built this impregnable fortress at Sigiriya. When the invasion finally came in 491, Kasyapa rode out to battle in his war elephant. In an attempt to out-flank his half-brother, Kasyapa took a wrong turn, where his elephant got stuck in the mud. His soldiers, thinking Kasyapa was retreating fled abandoning him, and he took his own life. Sigiriya later became a monastic refuge, but eventually fell into disrepair

Instead of ruins that shows the great civil Engineering skills of ancient Sri Lankans Sigiriya Ancient city contains, The water gardens o The Water Gardens are the first part of Sigirya visitors encounter as they enter through the west gate. Relatively well preserved, they have been compared to the water gardens of ancient Rome and the Middle East. Interspersed among the gardens were a number of palace and bathing pavilions, and the entire area featured lush vegetation (thanks to the water system which fed the interconnected tanks and pools. These water gardens were designed as a pleasure palace, an area reserved for the royal family to relax. Each garden has its own distinctive characteristics. The Minature Water Garden and Water Garden 1 are primarily bathing pools, the Fountain Garden is primarily a display of Sigiriya's hydraulics and is intended as a display, while Garden 3 served as the secluded Water Palace residences.

The boulder gardens

The main path from the Fountain Gardens leads to the next level of the Sigiriya Complex, the Boulder Gardens. In contrast to the symmetrical layout of the Water Gardens, the Boulder Gardens are asymmetrical, as they were built around the existing rock formations. The Boulder Gardens also constitute a much older phase of the Sigiriya Complex; much of the artifacts and artistry here predates King Kasyapa by centuries and is the work of the monks who first built a monastery at the base of the Sigiriya Rock. Not much remains of their handiwork, save the remains of a few prominent buildings. These shelters feature sketches, cave paintings, and indentations in the rocks where wooden posts were once fitted to secure buildings long since erased by time. Our tour of the Boulder Gardens follows the southerly route through the old monastery and winds its way to the base of Sigiriya Rock, where the Terrace Gardens are found.

The terraced gardens

The third set of gardens; the Terrace Gardens have been compared to the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, for they represent a series of ever-smaller landings, leading to the base of the Sigiriya Rock. The Terrace Gardens are fashioned out of the natural hill at the base of the rock by the construction of a series of rubble-retaining walls, each terrace rising above the other and running in a roughly concentric plan around the rock.


 

Activities to do :


When you travel to this place, these are the activites and events that you can involved in