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 Polonnaruwa Ruins Sri Lanka - Things to do in Polonnaruwa Ruins best places to visit in sri lanka Polonnaruwa Ruins map

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Polonnaruwa Ruins


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POLONNARUWA RUINS


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Nissanka Latha Mandapaya

Nissanka Latha Mandapaya ("Flower Scroll Hall") is a unique structure in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa in Sri Lanka. Built by King Nissanka Malla (1187 1196) and named after him, it is located near the western entrance of the Dalada Maluva, the area that contains the oldest and most sacred monuments in the city. A nearby stone inscription(cella) identifies this as the building used by Nissanka Malla to listen to pirith (chanting of Buddhist scriptures).

The most important feature of this building is the shape and the carvings of the stone pillars. These pillars are carved in the shape of a lotus stork and are curved in three places. The top of the pillar take form of a lotus flower. On the centre is a small stupa (pagoda). The whole building is surrounded by a fence made out of stone.

Pabulu Vehera in Polonnaruwa

This screwy shaped stupa(Pagoda) has been built by one of the king Parakramabahu's wives, queen Rupawathi. The original name of this stupa is not known. The present name "Pabalu" (meaning beads) was derived from the fact that a large number of small glass coral being found during the excavation of the area around the stupa(Pagoda). Top part of the stupa has been destroyed by invaders and centre of the stupa also has been damaged probably by treasure hunters in the recent times.

Gal Potha ("Stone Book")

This is one of the celebrated works of King Nissanka Malla (1187-1196) The inscription on Gal Pota("Stone Book") sings praises himself, his rule and the eligibility for being a king of Sri Lanka. This colossal slab which is 26'10" feet (8.2 m) long and 4'7" feet (1.4 m) wide. During the 11th century, the usually writing material was ola lead, which are small and not so conspicuous, so the king erected this huge advertisement to himself.

Attractive carvings of two rows of geese (birds) form the border of the side of the rock. Between these designs at the center is a carved seated shape of Godess Lackshmi holding two flowers and two elephants pouring water on her from a container.

Satmahal Prasadaya

Satmahal Prasada represents another unusual design for a temple, unique in Polonnaruwa. The name means "Seven Storey Edifice", and appears as a stepped pyramid. Historians and archaeologists are stumped as to its origin, as there were no mentions of it in the ancient chronicles. Each floor has a niche that contain figurines, some of which still there.

Atadage

The Atadage is the first Tooth Relic Temple of Polonnaruwa. It was built by Vijayabahu in the 11th century. The name Atadage means "House of Eight Relics". What remains of Atadage today are 54 stone pillars which once supported a timber upper floor where the relic was kept.

More Information

Ancient City of Polonnaruwa - UNESCO World Heritage List


 

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